Renesas Electronics has launched the R-IN32M3 series of industrial Ethernet communication chips with support for multiple communication protocols in a move the company describes as being in response to the rapid adoption of industrial Ethernet communication technology.
Because the hardware in the new R-IN32M3 series covers heavy load operations for the CPU, the combination of the CPU and integrated real-time OS offload engine (HW-RTOS) results in ultra-high-speed real-time responsiveness that is five to ten times that of a conventional software real-time OS.
In addition, the fluctuation caused by inconsistencies in the operation time with conventional CPU processing has been reduced substantially from one-fifth to one-tenth of the previous level. The new R-IN32M3 series include an integrated ARM Cortex-M3 CPU (100 MHz). The new Ethernet controllers accept protocols for industrial Ethernet communication such as CC-Link IE and EtherCAT and will accept the control area network (CAN) which is heavily used in industries and generic interface such as universal asynchronous receiver transmitter (UART). There are also plans to provide support for the SSCNET III/H optical network standard, which uses fully synchronous communication to deliver improved performance.
The industrial Ethernet communication market, which demands faster communication between devices and their efficient central control, is growing rapidly because there is increasing need to boost factory production efficiency and improve the precision of machine control. Increasing high-speed real-time responsiveness and reducing processing time deviation in communication and machine control are particularly important issues. Also, cutting costs, reducing power consumption, and improving safety are much more important than in other markets. The newly developed R-IN32M3-CL and R-IN32M3-EC are designed to meet the industrial network market requirements.
Industrial Ethernet communication applications require support for a large number of tasks, high-speed time synchronization, and low power consumption. By implementing real-time OS processing in hardware, which previously imposed a substantial load on the CPU, and standard Ethernet communication protocol processing such as checksum calculation and header sorting, processing speed is increased five to ten times. The HW-RTOS driver is µITRON compliant. Plans call for support for additional OSs to be added in future.
The R-IN32M3-CL with CC-Link IE support integrates a slave controller supporting CC-Link IE Field as a circuit. CC-Link is a 1 Gbps industrial Ethernet communication standard that is the industry’s fastest and is promoted by the CC-Link Partner Association, a Japanese organization promoting open networks. The R-IN32M3-EC with EtherCAT support, on the other hand, integrates a slave controller supporting the EtherCAT industrial Ethernet communication standard. Both feature an ARM Cortex-M3 (100 MHz) 32-bit RISC CPU, a media access control (MAC) with low-latency 2-port switch function required by industrial Ethernet protocols, and large on-chip memory. Support by protocol software for EtherNet/IP, FL-net and some others are under final preparation. In addition to communication interfaces with industrial Ethernet support, communication interfaces such as CC-Link, CAN, serial peripheral interface (SPI), and UART can be implemented as well, allowing R-IN32M3 series products to be used as gateway modules to an industrial Ethernet network.
The R-IN32M3-CL, which implements the CC-Link IE protocol in hardware, incorporates a 1 Gbps Ethernet MAC, so 1 Gbps Ethernet communication can be achieved by adding an external 1 Gbps EtherPHY. The R-IN32M3-EC, in contrast, integrates a 2-port 10/100Mbps EtherPHY, so no external PHY and smaller module board is required, which contributes to making a smaller module board. Note that the hardware purchase cost is roughly identical whether an external or an internal PHY is used.